Introduction to Apples
Apples are one of the most popular, flavorful and healthful fruits grown in the world. Three-fourths of America’s population, both young and old, name apples as one of their favorite fruits for snacking. They are also great with meals. Apples are pre-packaged in nature’s own wrapper. Several servings of apples and apple products should be included in children’s diet every day to help build a healthy body.
Apple growing is an important industry in America. The state of Washington ranks first in the number of bushels grown, followed by New York, Michigan, California and many other states. Worldwide, the United States ranks second to China in apple production.
The first U.S. apple trees were planted by the pilgrims in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In the early 1800s John Chapman, better known as Johnny Appleseed, traveled across the Ohio Valley carrying bags of apple seeds. As he ventured westward, he planted seeds and grew apple trees wherever he roamed to ensure that settlers living in the western frontier would have nutritious apples to eat.
Today, the science of apple growing is called pomology. Over the years many people have worked together to refine methods to produce the best formed and tastiest apples. It takes about four or five years for apple trees to produce their first fruits. Apple trees are grown on farms, better known as apple orchards. In spring apple trees blossom with fragrant, sweet smelling white flowers. Many apple growers place beehives in their orchards while the trees are blossoming so that the honeybees can pollinate the flowers. When the blossoms fall off the pollinated flowers, baby apples begin to grow in their place.
The apple crop is harvested in the fall when the apples are fully grown and ripened. Most of our nation's crop is picked from the trees by hand, then washed, packed and delivered by refrigerated trains and trucks to markets and grocery stores, or made into apple juice, apple cider, apple butter, applesauce and other nutritious apple products.
There are 2,500 varieties of apples grown throughout the United States. The top ten are: Red Delicious, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, McIntosh, Rome, Empire, Braeburn and Idared. Do any of these grow in your area? Which have you eaten? Be adventurous and try a few that are new to you.
Information taken from Apples: A Class Act published by the U.S. Apple Association, the U.S. Apple Association website (www.usapple.org) and the World Apple Review, 2012 Edition, published by Belrose, Inc.